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Russia will not get the sovereign right to regulate the Internet

ITU ( The International Telecommunication Union) published the regulations text, that had been signed by the countries-members of this Union at the conference in Dubai. This regulation had not been changed since 1988 and it was expected that it will include several points about the Internet in the future. A number of countries, including Russia offered to allow ITU countries, according to this document, to regulate domain data and addresses in their countries. China, Iran, Sudan, Saudi Arabia, Alger, Bahrain was Russian allies, but their offer faced with a serious opposition.

“New regalement offers countries to develop their position according to the Internet question, it means technical issues and ITU state policy”, - said the press service of Russian Ministry of Communications on Friday. The resolution of ITU members charged MC general secretary with taking measures to allow RMC to play an active role in broadband communicating and Internet model developing, as it is said in the report. “The paragraph 3.8 reflects and juridically consolidate current situation in this sphere”, said the MC representative, “but the delegations from Canada, Australia and several other countries didn’t agree with it”.

The offer to give rights to national Internet regulating caused a kickback among the trade members. Google accused some countries of the intention to “get the Internet control”, that will cause( according to their opinion) a censorship. Though, during the conference Hamadoun Touré the MC general secretary said that the matter is not about the Internet contents controling and the Internet governance. The document is oriented on technical standards development for International telephony. It is not right to consider the ITU conference as a discussions of the Internet freedom, proves Andrey Kolesnikov, the president of the Coordinating Internet Domain Centre.

According to the information from Russian ministry of communications more than 100 countries signed the regulation. But the USA, Australia, Canada and a number of EU countries didn’t agree with this regulation, despite the most arguable articles about the Internet have been excluded. Countries that didn’t sign the contract will not follow this recommendations concerning issues about roaming, Internet etc.

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Tajikistan authorities had a second though about blocking 131 sites

December 26, 2012
Tajikistan Communication Service ordered to unblock 131 sites, that had been blocked also by their order on December 21. This was reported by the RIA Novosti with a referring on 3 different sources of Tajikistan Internet providers on Tuesday, December 25.

“ On Tuesday we had a call from the Communication service. They said that the letter of the Rafik Shakirov the deputy administrator had been annulled”, - told the agency’s representatives. Though there were not any information about a reason of a such decision.

On December 21 sources in the Internet provider told that they’ve get an order to block 131 sites. The matter was mainly about resources which contain music and video. Besides, this list included Twitter, Vkontakte, Odnoklassniki and also a number of blogs.

On December 24 Informational Agency reports that according to a letter of the Rafik Shakirov the deputy administrator, the agency said to block the access to this sites because of “technical and economical works”. It is unknown what these works included.

Tajikistan Communication Service is used to often block and than unblock popular sites. The same was with the Facebook.

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Chinese people have no access to social networks

Chinese authorities blocked all the programmes and services that allowed them to visit prohibited sites such as Twitter, Facebook and YouTube. This was reported by the The New York Times (Chinese version of which is also blocked for users in China).

For a short period of time 3 more companies announced that their sites are also blocked. Chinese authorities advise all companies, which are interested in running their own business on the People's Republic of China territory to use private networks for the information transfers.
Several foreign Media experts notes that if this situation continues, all the informational agencies and bureaus that transfer news from Asia will have to move from Beijing to Tokyo.

We remind that there is a strict Internet censorship in China. All the sites are scanning on the existence of the key words, that are connected with the information about state security. Also there is a “blacklist” resources filtering. The country’s government blocked the access to portals which, according to its point of view, spread prohibited information promoting violence, pornography etc.

Each video will be published in the Internet only after being modernized.
From 2010 Chinese people, (due to the population) being the most numerous group of the Internet users, have lost the access to the Google search.

Beijing explains that this virtual policy is a measure that will secure  mental health of the oncoming generation.

The Google search engine and other companies servers have been blocked on the whole territory of China on November 8 of the current year. The representatives of  SecurityLab said that Google blocking had been coincide with the process of the Communist Party Congress were elected their new leaders.

The information about blocking was transferred by the Chinese on-line monitoring service GreatFire. According to the site’s information, the authorities of the country deprived users of visiting Google search, Google mail etc.

Such services like Google maps, Google Docs,  Google Analytics, Google Drive had been also blocked.

“The Chinese government took a step up to the whole independent of their Internet from the global network”, - notes GreatFire. Analysts think that the reason of this blocking probably is connected with the fact that Google had been for a long time disputing with the Chinese government about the censorship in the cyber space.

“Izvestia” reminds that 2 years ago the Chinese government came into a conflict with Google, demanding of the company to block searches of certain words and transfer information about users (in specific cases).  The American company rejection led to the the blocking of the Hon-Kong page.

The situation becoming more complicated due to the wide popularity of Google Android among Chinese users. According to the representatives of, this can lead to an undesirable for government effect - more Chinese Internet users will know about Internet censorship.

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Russian Internet does not afraid of censorship

The economic of Russian Internet raise the grows rate and its influence as a media channel becomes stronger. RAEC sets a price for a value of the Russian Internet as a several bln dollars and prognoses its increase by 30% in 2012.

2012 discovered a new phenomenon in Russia - the state, for the first time was interested in the Internet sphere. And the first measures concerning this were prohibitive. So, due to this a law about child security from the Information, that provide the creation of the blacklist of sites and blocking illegal content in the Runet.

The first question was about the overall results of the Internet of the current year and also about the “child security from the information” law. In whole, experts pointed out the unavailability of the infrastructure to execute a law and the ambiguities in the questions concerning a content marking and blacklist.

According to experts points of view the main value of this law is that parents began to pay more attention on what their children do in the Internet, said Yuri Sinodov, the chief editor of He also explained that this question is far from real problem of business. And this is very good that this law isn’t used as a mechanism to pressure business.

It is essential that a part of Internet users are worried about the “law of the Internet”, which deputies are going to make by the next year and of course users afraid of the Internet censorship. So, how tough will be the Internet control?

Generally, the representatives of this sphere do not deny the possibility of a “soft Chinese variant” of the Internet censorship. But also they consider this way as an unlikely but although a possible one .

Oleg Seidak, the head of the FINAM Global fond noticed that “Russian Internet is characterized by more technically educated and mentally active users groups. And right this groups are the main users of the information that can be prohibited by the state regulation.

I think that active and mass State actions towards the limitation of the access In the Internet can lead to a great increase of the users awareness of the ways to avoid this limitations that will have a wholly opposite effect that was not expected.

The state can close this technical possibilities only by using the Chinese variant, that means not only blocking access to the certain information or resources but also a blocking of a part of ways that allow to avoid such blocking. However this method is too cruel and this can cause the “arm race” between Internet users and a state, that none of the countries can win without destroying the Internet at all”, concerning the current situation.

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China intends to straighten up the Internet control

According to a web resources, Chinese authorities considered the possibility of the adoption of legal measures, aimed at “stopping rumors and vulgarity spreading”

We should remind that in the beginning of the current year the rule that had micro blogers to register stating their real identifying data came into a force in China. It was made, as it was said, to secure Internet users interests and for the improvement of the trust in the web”. This measure, according to the authorities will not harm the development of micro blogs but will make such services better”. If the subscriber refuse to state his passport data and the phone number he won’t be able to leave any comments.

This offered rules will oblige users to prove their identity concluding any agreement on getting services for access the Internet. The matter is about both fixed lines and mobile Internet. It is not known yet how this new measures will be realized in practice. Observers notes that Chinese citizens are obliged to provide documents signing the contracts with the Internet-providers.

However, any additional limitations, according to user’s point of view, will negatively effect a development of the Internet sphere and will limit the freedom of speech in more intense. Even now Chinese web companies use special programs for a content monitoring, messages with “illegal content” blocking and deleting. “Politically unconscious” posts, “provocative publications’ etc. are filtered and deleted.

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UNO decided to control Internet

The Internet is familiar to everyone. Nowadays Internet content is very important, that is why all world powers want to control it.

So, who will control it?

Today the main Internet regulators are several American non-government organizations. they are IETF, W3C and ICANN. Officially they do not depend on governmental and intergovernmental organizations. But practically American authorities have a great influence on them.

Russia, China, India, Brazil and Iran are the countries that support the extension of ITU power. USA afraid that if this countries get the right to influence the Network regulatory policy they will limit the freedom of speech and raise censorship.

Independent Internet in fact is between the devil and the deep sea. The regulated companies are in the USA and they are influenced by the American Power. From the other side if the Iran, China or Saudi Arabia get the right to vote it is unlikely that the Internet will be as free as now.

Washington worries the possibility of the Internet control transfers to UNO as it  was announced by the USA State Deputy. According to experts Americans concerns primary are connected with economic interests. Huge American Internet corporations want to influence on rules that regulates the Internet. In general experts believe that the USA opinion is a combined position of all biggest Internet companies.

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The - the portal that is created to contain censored materials

“Reporters without borders” created a special web-site where it is possible to publish materials that are not allowed for publication because of the censor. DW representatives found out how this resource is arranged.

The aim of the Internet-portal, that is created by the initiative of the non-government organization, is to fight with censorship. This project is financed by the EU, Paris authorities and voluntary. This site contains journalists and bloggers materials that were not permitted for the publication due to the censorship in the authoritarian regime’s countries.

“We think that it is necessary to create an Internet-portal contains censored materials”, - said Matthias Spielkamp, the director of “Reporters without borders” organization in the interview with DW. However according to Spielkamp, authors of the site are not going to make it as a data base or a platform for a “leak” of official documents like Wikileaks portal for example.

On the site anyone who wishes can download and send the material to administrators anonymously. For this aim you need a special account. According to Matthias Spielkamp, it is only about the information, that wasn’t published in Media due to the absence of the freedom of speech in some countries.

Online articles and videos have the information about its origin and the reason of its censored. If an article is written not in English or in French than it have to be translated into one of this languages.  According to Spielkamp, the edition do not publish all the materials. “The editor check whether information is a truth or not”, - explains Spielkamp.

The first published article on this site belongs to Omar Brouksy from Morocco. He is not allowed to work officially as a journalist in his country. The government deprived him of the accreditation in the beginning of October 2012 because of the critical material about the royal family role during the elections. Also this site contains a video about the explosion on the ammunition depot in Turkmenia,  about which the Turkmen media hardly reported.

By this means, according to Matthias Spielkamp words, the site team is trying to secure publication’s authors. All photographs and videos allocated on the site can be easily copied. Besides, users can find the link in the network.

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Internet censorship: Tajikistan issued an ultimatum for Zuckerberg after blocking of Facebook

On Wednesday, November 27, it became known that Tajikistan authorities are serious about unblocking Facebook, subject to the fulfillment of their conditions.

For negotiations in Dushanbe about unbanning the largest social net in the world by the mobile networks operators and Internet providers in Tajikistan the Head of the State Communication Service Bek Zukhurov insists on Mark Zukerberg presence. « Does this Facebook net have an owner?”- said Zukhurov in a rage.

Also authority announced that he can meet with Zukerberg only during his business hours. During negotiations Tajikistan authorities want to ban negative comments about their policy, which appear in Facebook constantly.” There are too many outrages against heads of states which are written by some strange people- said Zukhurov - they might get money for that.

The Head of the Comunication Service suggests that Facebook users get nearly from $5 to 10 th. for each negative comment. How Mark Zukenberg commented such an attack and wether he’s going to negotiate in Tajikistan is unknown. However Russian bloggers laughed at Zukhurov and quote him for free.

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Censorship on the Internet - a new global trend?

"Today, Internet freedom is in danger as never before", - said Vinton Cerf who is one of the founders of the World Wide Web ( WWW). Forcing American science to sound the alarm? Of course, numbers.
Photo: Stephen Dagnall /

In 2002, the governments of only four states were subjected to regular Internet censorship, today there are more than 40 states. Often the bad newa are coming from Asia. In August in India, a new wave of religious conflicts began, that is why the government decided to block web pages and social network profiles of people whom the authorities suspected in rumor’s spreading.

Even in Ethiopia, where internet access has only 1% of the population, who actively used internet filter and remote monitoring of the user's connection. This year, according to the international organization called "Reporters without Borders" in the world 29 bloggers were killed, more than 127 have been imprisoned because of their positions in the Internet.

Slow censorship introducing
The stare favorite censorship excuse is - "for national security reasons."
"The world has nearly a couple of Internet providers and states that do not filter the contents of the Web. Just when those countries are democracies, they discuss about what content must be censored, "- says Jermyn Brooks, the Chairman of the Global Network Initiative (GNI).
The most striking example is the controversial film "Innocent of Muslims", which caused a wave of protests in the Islamic world. What to do? Prohibit it from running to prevent the violence and people death? For example in Russia this film was announced by the Prosecutor General's Office and the court of first instance as extremist and then was blocked.
Even a country like Sweden, where 90% of households have web access, cannot ignore the censorship issues. For example, the government decided to do obvious thing - block sites with child pornography, a blacklist of prohibited Internet sites. But the choice of pages was illogical, said critics. "But it does not mean that the Swedish state system is as bad as in some non-democratic countries" - the Minister for Foreign Affairs Frank Belfrage justifies the actions of the Swedish authorities. According to him, the Swedes support democracy, while authoritarian and dictatorial regimes are anti-democrats.

Another problem - the fact that not all Western companies involved in the development of technologies to spy on users in the network, and filtering of Internet content, adhere high ethical standards when it comes to a bargain, even with questionable clients. "Western governments practically do not have control over such technology sailing and do not choose to whom they can sell, and to whom - not", - complains Eric King,the member of Human Rights Group Privacy International.
However, the good news is that none of the censorship control systems is strong enough yet. In China, about 10% of users know how to avoid the public lock system "Golden Shield" (security provider), by using proxies and anonymizers networks - is software that enable anonymous network connection that protected from eavesdropping.

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In Russia a law on Internet censorship is in action from now on

Ukrainian experts are concerned that the ASE can adopt the "experience" of colleagues

On the first of November in Russia a controversial law on Internet censorship came into force. Experts say that in fact, it is now to have a blacklist of sites with controversial content. According to the authority’s instructions, providers need to block these sites. The Russian State Duma officially declared that it is important to monitor the work of sites to protect children from inappropriate information. However, experts have already dubbed the new law as an attempt to control a speech freedom. According to Die Presse, currently in Russia the main opposition websites are locked and regarded as extremist.

According to this publication, the law is fraught with the possibility of potential control over all traffic data of users registered in Russia. "Mail, websites, chat rooms - in the future the authorities will be able to record easily all the data and manipulate it", according to "Media News" referring to Die Presse. Using advanced software, service after the call "from authorities" can not only be control the data turnover on the Internet, but also filter the information to block certain services. And yet it is legally.

Interestingly, not the best legislative initiative of Russia State Duma deputies, seem willing to find a support from their Ukrainian counterparts. According to the Facebook page of the MP Lesya Orobets the "majority" of the Ukraine Verkhovna Rada again try to "push through" the bill number 6523, which will cover the sites for seven days without trial.
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Censorship on the Internet: It is known to house where the "black list" of sites

Finally it became known where Roskomnadzor will post the list of banned web sites in Russia. As the representative office, the portal can find not only the "black list" of prohibited Internet sites. The portal will control calls receiving. To complain of illegal information on will be elaborated in the electronic form. And, users can leave their complaint anonymously, without registration.
Роскомнадзор разместит список запрещенных сайтов на ресурсе
In the registry on a copy of pages of banned sites will be attached, and have a page of the site with illegal domain name, as well as the basis on which the site was recognized as "illegal."
Roskomnadzor will post a list of banned sites on resource.

With the fighting and disturbances in social networks. It became known that the "Odnoklassniki" is ready to ban all pedophiles.

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In the 40 countries of the world are subjected to Internet censorship

In 2002, the government only four states were subjected to regular Internet censorship.Today, these countries - over forty. Certain restrictions on the web today introduced practically all states

В мире 40 стран подвергают Интернет цензуре - Политика | Дело
"Today, freedom of the Internet is in danger as never before", - one of the founders of the World Wide Web Vinton Cerf. Forcing American science to sound the alarm? Of course, numbers.
In 2002, the government only four states were subjected to regular Internet censorship, today there are more than 40 states. Particularly common in recent disturbing news coming from Asia. So, when in August in India began a new wave of religious conflicts, the government decided to just block web pages and social network profiles of those people whom the authorities suspected of spreading rumors. In recent months, the court had to be brought bloggers in Vietnam, and South Korea accounts regime opponents were simply block writes .
Even in Ethiopia, where internet access is only 1% of the population is already actively used internet filter and remote monitoring of the user's connection. Just this year, according to the international organization "Reporters without Borders" in the world killed 29 bloggers, 127 more people have been imprisoned for their positions in the Internet.
Slowly introduce censorship all
My favorite excuse State giving censorship - "for reasons of national security." In this case, the web content filtering in one degree or another, practically all of the country. "In the world there, maybe a couple of Internet providers and states that do not filter the contents of the Web. Just when those involved are democracies, they are detailed discussions about what content and on what to censor," - said Jermyn Brooks , Chairman, Global Network Initiative (GNI).
The most striking example - the controversial film "innocent Muslims", which caused a wave of protests in the Islamic world. What to do - prohibit it from running to escape the violence and loss of life? In Russia, for example, that have done so, first Prosecutor General's Office, and then the court of first instance found extremist film and decided to block.
Even a country like Sweden, where 90% of households have access to the web, can not ignore the issues of censorship.For example, the government decided to do obvious thing - block sites with child pornography, a blacklist of prohibited Internet sites. But the choice of pages are not transparent and was illogical, critics say. "But that does not mean that the Swedish system is as bad as in some non-democratic country," - justifies the actions of the Swedish authorities Deputy Foreign Minister Frank Belfrage. According to him, the Swedes defend democracy, while authoritarian and dictatorial regimes - anti-democrats.
West helps East ...
Another problem - the fact that not all Western companies involved in the development of technologies to spy on users in the network, and filtering of Internet content, adhere to high ethical standards when it comes to a bargain, even with questionable clients. "Western governments have practically no control over sale of such technology and do not indicate to whom they can sell, and to whom - not", - complains Eric King, of human rights group Privacy International, investigation, in which countries go the Western system of computer surveillance.
However, the good news we can assume that none of the systems of control and censorship is not yet strong enough. In China, about 10% of users have learned to bypass the public system lock "Golden Shield" ("China's great firewall"), using proxies and anonymizers networks - that is, software that enable anonymous network connection is protected from eavesdropping.

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Twitter was used in practice introduced in January censorship rules

It is for the first time the social network Twitter used censorship rules. At the request of the German authorities the account of a Hannover neo-Nazi group Besserer was blocked. Her account will not be available for German IP users, all other users around the world can continue to read fascist micro blog. New censoring rules were adopted this year in January.
Social network Twitter used in practice the adoption of right censoring content of its user’s accounts in January. On Thursday, the world's largest micro blogging network blocked the account @ hannoverticker, belonging to the Hannover neo-Nazi group Besseres, for its users from Germany.

On request of the minister of foreign affairs of Lower Saxony the access on Twitter and micro blogging Besseres in Hannover was blocked. In Germany, the group assets are frozen by court order, all accounts on social networks have to be closed.

Hannover Police Department, following the instructions of the public prosecutor of Lower Saxony, September 25, addressed to the leadership of Twitter with a request "to close your account and not to open any subsequent accounts organization Besseres Hannover». Neo-Nazi group, whose members are accused of creating a criminal association and incitement to racial hatred, is suspected of distributing racist leaflets in schools and threats against immigrants. She was also accused activist to create a video with threats to Aygul Ezkan, minister for Social Affairs in the government of Lower Saxony.

In late September, the German police raided headquarters of several neo-Nazi organizations and seized Hitler's attributes (its illegal acquisition in Germany) and weapons.

According to the accepted rules Twitter may block access to the content of its users if they violate the laws of any country. Restrictions apply only to readers entering the IP relevant national zones.

As Twitter explains on its website, "many countries, including the United States, have laws that may apply to tweets or content twitter accounts. We continue to strive to make our service available for users worldwide. If we receive a valid and duly justified request from the authorities it may sometimes be necessary to block access to certain content in certain countrie”.

List of potentially violating the laws of topics published on the website Chilling Effects, includes more than 5400 cases of conflict. But before that Twitter has never blocked access to the entire accounts.

Twitter has repeatedly refused to state requests for blocking accounts, stressing that one of its goals considers the provision of free access to information and freedom of expression. «The account @ hannovertricker, as noted by Financial Times, is complaining about other users of the service receiving threats from its leading activists Besserer Hannover. Specialized blog The Atlantic Wire wrote: "As explained Twitter, they first used their new rules of censorship and it happened almost a year after they announced them. Is it really so important if Twitter censors will close one account per year "- and put at the end of a meaningful question mark.
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Iran began testing the national Internet

The Iranian authorities began testing their Internet. If necessary, it will be easier to isolate users from the global Internet, experts say. Today there are 5,000,000 URLs locked.

Iran has entered the testing the Internet national project, also known as "Halal Internet"." It was reported by the Tehran authorities. The first step, according to the minister of information and communication technologies Iran Reza Tagipur, began on September 21 in 29 of 31 provinces. All government agencies connected to the state inner computer network without connection to the global Internet. By March 2013, the second step of the project, a "national Internet" that is supposed to be available to all Iranian universities, as well as to ordinary citizens, writes

Whether the plan is possible
The Iranian Government has stressed that "national Internet" must co-exist with the global Internet, but the transfer of data within the national network will be faster and more reliable. The Tehran authorities deny the intention to isolate the Iranian Internet users from the rest of the world, in which many foreign observers suspect the Iranian government. "Isolation of the world's Internet will impose sanctions on Iran for themselves. It would be illogical," - said former Minister Mohammad Soleimani in an interview with the Iranian student news agency ISNA.

"I do not think that the Iranian government has necessary resources to implement such a complex project as a long-term and complete isolation of the Internet and turn it into an intranet," - said user Ali in the interview with DW Tehran Internet. Because of strict sanctions adopted by the international community against Iran, Tehran will be difficult to acquire appropriate software, said Ali. At the same time, he acknowledged that the Iranian leadership is concerned about the plans.

In turn, a London Iranian online activist Amin Sabet said: «Iran’s national Internet does not have the exact data. I do not believe in the fact that the Iranian government has the necessary infrastructure to create a national Internet or in the ability to close the World Wide Web access for users of this country. «However, the State is fully capable of quickly interring  in the work of the Internet and disabling certain pages, as happened with the services of YouTube and Gmail American company Google, Sabet said.

Following the model of China and Myanmar

In July 2012 the Iranian minister of information and communication technologies Tagipur Reza said that "for the 95% of the use of the Internet in Iran the international access is not required."

Representatives of the Tehran government insist that "Halal Internet" is the best way to "protect the religious and national values" of the country. However, experts are still critical about Iranian project "National Internet".

Member of the organization "Reporters without Borders" Reza Moeini believes that the Iranian project is not the same as Chinese "Golden Shield" (known as the "Great Chinese firewall"), which for today is considered to be the most developed system of state Internet censorship. There's a military dictatorship responded to her unwanted information by disabling the Web or decrease the speed of Internet connection. "According to Iranian authorities the main purpose is to leave access to the global Internet only for industry and the banking sector, and close it for normal users," - says Moeini.

One of the reasons that Tehran wants to turn off the computer from the state of the global Internet is quite understandable: the fear of cyber-attacks. Thus, in May 2012, a large number of office and business computers were affected by the virus Iran Flame - according to experts, the most dangerous in the world at the moment. Earlier Iranian computers attacked another virus - Stuxnet.

E-mail as a risk factor
After the "National Internet" started in government appeared the first information about what it is like. "This is an intranet, which is much faster than normal Internet, but without the access to e-mail and those foreign sites that are allowed by the Government," - told DW young Iranian Negara.

According to experts Iran blocked about five million Web addresses, including such well-known as Facebook. However, many users circumvent the ban by using proxy servers and network access VPN. This way you can check your mail and, for example, Gmail. But these people have  a "great risk" because there is evidence that some of the sites that offer services VPN, connected with the Iranian intelligence services.

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U.S. prepares for cyber armament race

The following month, the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) will meet with contractors who would like to offer a "revolutionary technology" of cyber war. Experts are worrying that this practice will unleash a global race "computer arms". On this background, Iran creates "halal" Internet, and China has "Golden Shield". But Russia has not proposed any countermeasures yet.

U.S. prepares for cyber war "Plan X". In the next five years they will spend $ 110 million to create the technology that develops a "high-tech" worm, futuristic malicious software with ultra-new monitoring tools, as well as a huge visual map for cyber war. To discuss the ambitious project government officials and contractors will be attract in a middle of October, there will be a seminar about the information technology innovation.

New York Times expert call this step "a turning point". He believes that it will take a lot of time, because 12 from the 15 largest armies in the world have each cyber program. "If we are talking openly about offensive nuclear and other media, why not just talk about cyber resources?" - Said James Lewis from the Center for Strategic and International Studies in Washington. Now it is about to "lift the veil", to demonstrate the importance Washington attaches "future wars", and set its own rules on the cyber fight. However, the director of the Association of Arms Control Daryl Kimball warned: this may cause other countries to join the race cyber resources. They determine that the Pentagon wants to unleash a cyber-war, and therefore created a "Plan X".

In fact, this process has already started, for example, in the confrontation with Iran. The other day Tehran announced it was developing new protection in the event of cyber-warfare, which, according to the military, is "more dangerous than a real war." The U.S. and Israel have tried to disable Iran's nuclear facilities by the worm Stuxnet, and, according to some analysts, as opposed to the possibility air bombing on this path is a reachable perfect result. To protect them, Tehran, for example, is developing a national Internet, which has been nicknamed "halal". There are reports that its first step was launched in government departments on September 21. By the beginning of 2013 all the Iranian universities will be connected to the Internet. And in light of the appearance of anti-Islamic film "Innocent of Muslims" Tehran has blocked access to the resources of Google and Gmail, not to mention the fact that about 5 million sites (including such popular in the West, social networks like Twitter and Facebook) in Iran have been closed for a long time (He ranks fourth in the world for censorship). The decision to get out of the World Wide Web Iranians among others justify the need to protect the "religious and national values", they may also be undermining cyber-war stage.

China chose a similar path. In a country where the population has long been put into "cyber-war" position, information is filtered by a censorship mechanism called "Golden Shield," also known as "The Great fire-wall." Despite the coverage rates for the Internet (less than 40% in China, 78% in the U.S. and 82% in the UK) and the international status of English, due to the huge population China breaks first. According to the most recent forecasts, by 2015, Chinese online English surpasses the number of users (in May 2011, the ratio was 565 to 510 million people, or 27 and 24% of the network).

Thus, during the "Arab" scenarios and "who emerged from the social networks," the Iranians and the Chinese take into account the political cyber-war factor. Now try to understand the problem in Russia. Thus, the report "Runet today," prepared by the Civil Society Fund, shows the potential role of western resources during elections in the years 2016-2018. It turned out that the destabilization of society technologies that were used in the Middle East, has already been "tested" on the Russians and the main instruments were the Facebook, Twitter and YouTube. It's about sending invitations to the opposition campaign on social networks, mass purchase of entertainment communities and their transformation into a political protest, political spam mailing, the document says.

The fact that five of the twenty most popular sites Runet in origin not Russian (it's Google, YouTube, Wikipedia, Facebook, Twitter) caused anxiety and therefore, "while maintaining the trend a few years may be a situation where a large Runet part will be controlled by foreign service. " Considerable importance is the fact that foreign companies are actively "crushes under a" domestic giants Runet by investing in relevant concerns. For example, the search engine "Yandex" has been registered in the Netherlands.

What will be the domestic response to cyber threats, so subtly bordering on civil liberties, is unclear. According to the President of the Civil Society Fund Konstantin Kostin, we "ascertain fairly obvious trends, and in any case do not call anyone to any action.

I hope that the actions will be positive. "

Americans want to make a revolution in the technology of cyberwar.

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Internet censorship around the world

In fact, anyone can buy a cheap proxy server subnet in the U.S. and Europe, as well as in other countries, and use it to their advantage. A feature of such servers is their anonymity.

Internet censorship is hiding under the name of "Internet filters", " parental control" or "safe search".
Firstly it appeared for the safety from the web supported parents, then censorship became political. 

Ø The worldwide filtering. Powerful filtering performs public contracts. It blocks any sites with unwanted information, particularly in foreign languages. Internet police starts from the moment you enter text in the search box. It blocked even the world-famous encyclopedia «Wikipedia» and the search engine "Google ". This filtering closes news sites and email, creates own protocol of the Network of Violation of the law involves criminal liability. Such a system operates in China, Iran, Uzbekistan and Azerbaijan, Syria, Vietnam, North Korea and Cuba. 

Ø A significant level of filtering. Filter does not work with sites, which undermine national governments, promote pornography, drugs, gambling, religious causing harm. These are the rules of the Internet in Saudi Arabia, UAE, South Korea, Oman, Sudan and Yemen. 

Ø The nominal level of filtering. Filtering technologies are applied at the level of institutions (schools, libraries). They can block parts of the country, closed sites, inciting inter-ethnic strife. The system has its own lists of banned sites. This is how the Internet in the United States, France, Germany, Great Britain. 

Ø Indirect filtering. Entering time attack on the site on national holidays and elections. Attack may be organized by hackers from anywhere in the world. This scheme is typical for Belarus, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Israel, Egypt and Palestine.

It is hard to say whether the censorship is a public interest, or prohibits civil liberties. Most analysts find it difficult to choose a position. However, in the 25 countries we can notice the rise of political and social censorship. Perhaps this will increase, as studies, conducted by leading universities in the U.S., covered only 40 states. 22 countries signed an intergovernmental agreement on combating counterfeit trade. Battle for copyright fundamentally changes the position of the Internet. Every country on the pretext of protecting their traditions makes the laws impact on Internet resources. Civil society forms an organization fighting for freedom of access to information Confrontation for independent Internet.
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Too many countries speak about the dangers of free Internet - Estonia

Speaking to delegates of the 67th session of the UN General Assembly, the President of Estonia Toomas Hendrik Ilves highlighted the role of ICT in promoting human rights. He reported that for the third consecutive year, leading his country in terms of "freedom of the Internet."

Estonian President highlighted the role of modern media in the perception of the war and peace problems. He remind that in the middle of the last century, during the Crimean War have been made the first major picture stories from the battlefields. President Ilves added that with the new media it is even more difficult to conceal war crimes, both on the battlefield and beyond.

Toomas Hendrik Ilves emphasized that modern technology "delivered to your home the reality and horror of war." He believes that we should recognize the important role of technology in promoting human rights. The Head of State stressed that freedom of expression - is a human right everywhere - in the town square, in the press or in the virtual space.

The president said that Estonia also intends actively to discuss issues of Internet freedom in the Human Rights Council, the UN, where to that effect this year a resolution was adopted. President called the resolution a milestone, because the fundamental rights in the virtual world must be protected as aggressively as in the real world.

Ilves said that in today's world there are warring situation related with the Internet governance. According to him, too many countries speak about the dangers of free Internet in terms of security. According to the Estonian president, the truth is that the virtual space security has to to prevent the damage that can be caused by the actions of governments or criminals, but not to deprive the peaceful people the opportunity to express their opinions, gather information, or exchange ideas .

Estonian President recalled that five years ago his country has a cyber attack, which was called the first war in the web space, but "we do not support the strict regulation and censorship in cyber space." Toomas Hendrik Ilves said that Estonia, along with the 42 other countries, signed the agreement "open government partnership", which aims are to maximize the potential of new technologies to improve governance and fight corruption. The country used the information revolution to achieve strengthening of rules.

According to the President, Estonia - the first country where it is possible to participate in parliamentary and local elections concerning the Internet. Several months ago, the country has a census of the population - mostly in the online form. This year, about 90% of Estonian taxpayers completed their tax returns in the Internet. The President said that the e-government, e-school, medical prescriptions - are all examples of innovations that makes the public services be more accessible, helps to reduce costs, prevent and suppress corruption.

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The Censorship age

Dear readers, in this article another innovation will be discussed. Some of the materials like "Home Newspaper" are marked by special signs "+" denoting the age at which you can not read the aforesaid articles.
These rules dictate a new federal law "On the protection of children from information harmful to their health and development", which comes into force on September 1 of this year. It was signed for the first time on December 29, 2010 almost two years ago. Probably, it was assumed that during this time some techniques will be developed , according to the publisher. But! The law comes into force this week, but there are no methods or at least a recommendations how to use this law.

The formulation of the law is so strange that the category of "6 +" for example, old Russian tales have a description of the physical and mental violence ..." - according to a quote from the Federal Law № 436), under the "12 +" gets a harmless (it seemed of course!) "Gingerbread Man" (that shows the process of loss of life), and almost all the work of Korney Chukovsky would have to be marked with the sign of the most stringent "16 +" …

No doubt, in the sea of ​​information, where everyone dip our children, there are so many ... (I almost said the word, that instantly sends this phrase in the category of "16 +") ... excrement, that the adoption of the law was necessary and justified. The lawyers of our newspapers couldn’t find someone who would be able to describe the algorithm of the application of this law.

And another aspect of the double-meaning of the law: when I was young, as they say today, a teenager, the writings on a movie "Children under 16" even more fired my imagination. And I, by any means was trying to see it. Whether will the introduction of this law will have the opposite effect? Would not it made a child to start searching on the Internet a string of characters "16 +"?
16 +

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Censorship and the procedure?

On September 1, the law that is going "to protect children from information harmful to their health and development," comes into force and along with this TV producers made a lists of "forbidden words."

TV stations began to warn in advance of the company-producers of content on the inadmissibility of the use of their products in a number of words and expressions, stressing that the use of taboo language is unacceptable, and the widespread nowadays.

Along with taboo language there were words like “penis” or "prick", "muhosranske", "hell", "ass", "hemorrhoids", "gay" (and its many aliases, including "blue" ) and others.

In July, the National Association of Broadcasters has asked the State Duma Speaker Sergei Naryshkin to postpone the adoption of the law at least on a year, but it doesn’t have a success. "The law contains a large number of subjective and highly controversial provisions, and the fact that the mechanisms for the implementation of the major provisions of the law are not clearly defined, and the by-laws, to which there are links, not yet adopted, we consider it necessary to postpone the introduction of the law in force for a period not less than one calendar year, "- Sergei Naryshkin said in letter.

In addition, broadcasters pointed out that in the current version the law will forbid children to see, for example, most of the military-patriotic films, "The Adventures of Tom Sawyer" (in the film vagrancy romanticized is shown) and "Just you wait! "(Wolf constantly smokes).

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Kosher News : Salt censorship

"Women exile " from a public space in Israel has reached new level: it is the first time when a large company, a manufacturer of table salt "Salit" began to remove a schematic image of a woman from the packages of his product, which for decades used to Israeli consumers (see photo below) 
News kosher: Salt censorship

About female images on packages of salt censorship retell Jerusalem resident Brit Harel. The woman was shocked when her husband brought out a salt package from the ordinary not an ultra-orthodox shop , where instead of the usual modest ladies gaping was an empty white space.

There are a lot of cases of censorship female images in Jerusalem, but usually it is a "local initiative" of religious shopkeepers or publishers. The case was considered as extraordinary, because of religious censorship was engaged in a large enterprise, the group of companies related to Sheri Arison, - and censorship affected not random ads but the logo of the product to which consumers have long been accustomed.

Haaretz asked the company "Salit"to get the answer: the image of women eliminated only with those packages of salt, which will receive a special certificate of kashrut during the Pesach time. Bundles of common salt will be sold in its present form to them until BADATS will impose such strict requirements.

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120 years ago, Russia was introduced "punitive censorship"

August 27, 1882, Emperor Alexander III introduced the "Provisional Rules on the Press."

Rules finally secured in Russia "punitive censorship." Under the rules, the publication after the third warning had to represent the next available number in the censorship on the eve of their release. State had maximum control over the press, up to the right to close all editions and deprive them of the editor and publishing right. Development of the first edition of the Rules.The right to close any publication was given not only to the Minister for Internal Affairs but also to the Head of the Synod. Control of the press belongs to the High Commission for the Press - a special body of the four ministers: Education Minister, Minister for Internal Affairs , Minister of Justice and the Head of the Holy Synod.

Strengthening of censorship led to the mass closure of periodicals in Russia.

For the time of the Alexander III reign 72 books was banned (among them were Leo Tolstoy, Leskov works).

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Censorship on the Internet: In Tomsk sites, considered as harmful for children were closed.

The decision to close Internet resources was taken to court.

Цензура в Интернете: В Томске закрыты сайты, вредные для детей

In Tomsk ISP has an access to 13 sites, that had instructions for suicide, violence and pornography. Information about this appeared on the website of the General Prosecutor's Office on Tuesday, August 21. The decision was taken to court. such providers as Tomsk Branch of OJSC "Rostelecom", Center "TUCSR-Telecom" Company "Tomtel." execute the decision In Tomsk.

В Томске суд обязал провайдеров закрыть 13 сайтов, содержащих порнографию, сцены насилия и рецепты суицида

Among the Court's material on the blocked sites it can badly affects the "spiritual, moral, mental, and other development of children."

The access to this sites were blocked by filtering IP-addresses.

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Censorship forbade the exhibition with a kiss "Sleeping Beauty"

Artist asks for affect Ukraine international art community.

Ministry of Culture banned the opening of the National Museum of Art exhibition "The Sleeping Beauty." The first day of the exhibition was going to be tomorrow. Author of a controversial exhibition plans, despite the ban, still try to open it. By the idea of ​​the author, a real girl would sleep in the middle of his installation for several hours. Visitors are allowed to kiss the "sleeping beauty", if they have previously signed agreement, the one on whose kiss she wakes up, will be obliged to marry her.

Ukrainian-Canadian artist T.Polatayko outraged by the closure of his creation said that his shows are not provocative. Installation artist plans to draw international attention to the exhibition of art to the public.

Earlier in Kiev an exhibition of contemporary art has been already closed . In particular, the project "Apocalypse and the Renaissance." has been also closed

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In Myanmar, censorship of political and religious issues was abolished

The Ministry of Information of Myanmar is going to cancel media censorship of publishing political and religious information, said on Monday the electronic version of the Thai newspaper "Khom Chat lyk."

"Starting from August 20 to all publications that publish political and religious information are exempt from the need to have a preliminary text approval of their posts and articles from the Department of Press Scrutiny and Department of Information Registration " - the newspaper quoted a statement published in Myanmar on Monday of the Ministry.

The newspaper calls the cancellation of political and religious censorship in Myanmar, "a milestone", reminding to readers that censorship existed in the country for 50 years of the military government.

Back in March of this year, Myanmar's Information Minister Kyaw San announced the release of the censorship of newspapers: 173 week and 124 month magazines, according to the publication, but then the Reformers cover only culture, sports, movies, fashion, literature, science and technology publications.

"We will carry out reforms related to the liberalization of the media and freedom of expression, in three stages. Now we are releasing several hundred publications from censorship, this first phase will last until the adoption of a new media law, which repealed the law on media in 1962," - said then minister to Myanmar news agency Seven Media.

According to him, the third will provide methodological and material assistance for the development of existing and established private media.

Myanmar's parliament may pass a new media law before the end of this year, according to the publication.
Liberal reforms in Myanmar came into force in 2011. During the first year of reform in the country thousands of political prisoners were freed , the activities of financial institutions were liberalized,opposition was legalized . Leader of the opposition party the National League for democracy (NLD) and Nobel laureate Aung San Suu Kyiwas were elected to parliament and led not only opposition faction, but also one of the most important parliamentary committees.

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Register with the banned sites information is likely to be closed

The Joint Working Group of MPs, representatives of the Ministry of Communications and online community discussed the regulations that are necessary for the entering into force of the mechanism of blocking access to sites with prohibited materials.
Yes we ban! (Photo <noindex> <a target=_blank href=> Gorkem Keser </ a> </ noindex>.)
Yes we ban! (Photo Gorkem Keser .)

State Duma has already approved this initiative. Aims are to "fight against illegal content on the Internet" and protection. In a single register should be made web-based resources for prohibited content: promotion of narcotic and psychotropic substances, child pornography, appeals to suicide, etc.

The federal executive body authorized by the Government will be able to include the list of sites. The new law provides blocking Internet resources by hosting providers and operators of domain names and network addresses. In the second case off instead of one page, and the site as a whole, which could lead to the unavailability of entire web platforms, social networks, etc.

Remains an open question whether the "black list" should be public or private: market participants disagree. The registry should be accessible, otherwise it will not struggle with illegal sites, but on the contrary, their advertising - this is the position of the expert community and the Ministry of Communications. And there must be a public monitoring of the decisions to accept this or that information illegal.

On the other hand, the record does not allow monitoring of its formation - in particular users. Do not exclude the possibility of the "black list" will be closed from the web audience, but is open to operators, hosting providers and Internet companies, who in this case have the ability to track changes in the registry to remove lock from the sites or delete the illegal content .

Mechanism of public control should be possible to verify why this or that resource is not available. This should be a system service like domain name registrars, experts say. It is also asked to create a system for automatically request forwarding, that will redirect the user to a page that explains why the address has been blocked.

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The network will be a secret censorship

"Черные списки" сайтов в рунете будут закрытымиBy itself, the Russian policy is a serious distortion of a common sense and essence of the political process. Still less to fear of government interference, when it is held under the auspices of protecting public morals. It is now known that the so-called "black lists of sites" is in a secret. The public can not get to them a free access, which means that there will not be an adequate civilian control over the censor materials.
Implementers of the "On the censorship on the Internet" law , in turn, explain that some public organizations will have the access to the lists .Knowing the Russia specifics, when, under the auspices of NSO hide close to the bureaucratic system fraudsters and extortionists, such explanations can not calm, if we're not interested in creating new jobs for loafers. Risk of doing business in the Russian segment of the web has increased significantly. Alternatively, the I2P network , has not yet developed to create a fully-controlled Internet able to compete. One can only hope that further budget cut of the money thing will not really go down.

The most interesting thing in all of these initiatives is the lack of a public debate. The bill falls on the people’s heads at once, but they can not affect it in any way. As a result, expenditures budget, cost more than accounting services. All this will not bring any apparent profit for the economy. At the same time a goal "moral protection " - is unlikely to be achieved, because if a person is already interested in drugs, suicide and porn, complicating access to the necessary information will hardly abate this interest, on the contrary, will give more incentive for criminal behaviors.

Power in Russia is trying to replace a principle that parents are the main caregiver of any child. The state is unable to restore order in those areas of life in which it has to be restored. Why should we give the right to extend state authority? Let restore order there.

Unfortunately, we do not ask these questions to our bureaucrats. They have forgotten how to communicate with Russian citizens in. They are more interested in cosmic importance projects and in any stupidity.

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Censorship on the Internet. Yes, it is South Korea.

Critic of the government, which on his page on Twitter criticized the president of his country found its my account is locked. Activist who on his Twitter page posted unflattering comments about government has been accused of libel. A judge, who wrote that the president ("His Highness") "putting pressure" on the Internet users, who challenged his authority, was fired, and was seen as retaliation.Such suppression of Internet freedom has been remarkable, but perhaps not surprising in China, with its army of vigilant online censors. However, in this case, an energetic social media censorship took place in South Korea, the country's flourishing democracy and one of the most integrated companies in the Internet environment in the world.
News Newsland: Censorship on the Internet. Yes, it is South Korea.